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Dicas: evitar clichés e estereótipos

April 12th, 2013  |  Published in Escrever

clicheBasta ver as telenovelas e 90% dos filmes de acção. Ou as notícias, que procuram muitas vezes o retrato mais fácil. Antes de fazer a ligação para o artigo, e para perceberem melhor o excerto de texto que deixo aqui, vejam o que é o Triângulo de Freytag.

Um dia falaremos de estruturas narrativas, e se estão a começar, este pode ser um formato que, apesar de tradicional, pode ajudar a estruturar as vossas histórias quando elas parecem ir para lado nenhum.

Clichés, portanto – dicas saídas do LitReactor:

6. CHANGE YOUR FORMAT

We’ve talked about the standard dramatic structure here before, about Freytag’s triangle (or pyramid) where you start with a hook, the inciting incident, fight against a conflict, finally reaching a climax, and eventually, a resolution. I’m not saying you need to abandon that structure, but why not play with form? I’ve done this a few times, with my choose your own path story, “Splintered,” which ran at PANK, as well as a list story, “Twenty Reasons to Stay and One to Leave,” which was almost a poem, with twenty answers that all started off ,“Because…”. I also wrote a story called “Interview” where sprinkled throughout the narrative there are items from a grocery receipt, such as “1 BOX OF HEFTY CINCHSAK TRASH BAGS, LARGE 30 GALLON, 32 CT: $7.99.” By itself it doesn’t mean much, but when you add in lye, a handsaw, work gloves and Astroglide lubricant, well, something sinister is going on. Write an epistolary story, one told only with letters (or e-mails, perhaps). I think Roy Kesey once wrote a story that was nothing but the answers from a job interview; you never hear or read the questions. Again, it’s much easier to do something original when the format is different than what you are used to writing, what your audience is used to reading. Play around, have fun, see what you can come up with—you’d be surprised.

Storyville: Ten Ways to Avoid Cliches and Stereotypes

Peguem numa história que esteja encalhada e experimentem estas ideias. E se acharem que está boa, mandem.

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